Wireless Power Transmission: Best Tesla Coil Tutorial!
From our STAR Maker : Jeff Salim
Hello all!! How many auto mechanics does it take to change a light bulb? Answer: Two. One to screw in all the bulbs he has until he finds one that fits, and the other to tell you he thinks he’ll have to replace the whole socket :P Jokes apart, light bulbs don’t really need a socket to work. Not all. Don’t believe me? You will, once you have followed this article to make your own wireless power transmission system. In this tutorial, you will learn what all you need and how to put them together to make a small Tesla Coil. It is a device that creates a high voltage electric field in the air around it when a small input power is provided and allows wireless power transmission.
How does stuff work?
The power of the Tesla coil lies in a process called electromagnetic induction, i.e., a changing magnetic field creates an electric potential that compels current to flow. Conversely, flowing electric current generates a magnetic field. When electricity flows through a wound up coil of wire, it generates a magnetic field that fills the area around the coil in a particular pattern, shown with lines in the picture:
WARNING : DANGER
Unlike some other high voltage experiments, a Tesla coil’s streamers can be very harmful. Trust my words because I learned it the hard way. If you are shocked by the streamers, you will not feel pain, but your circulatory and nervous system can sustain severe damage. DO NOT TOUCH IT WHILE IT IS ON UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES.
What are the stuff required to make this?
- A length of 30 cm, PVC (the longer the better)
- About 300 feet of 24 AWG copper enameled wire (Secondary Wire)
- Birch Board for base
- 2222A Transistor
- Hookup(primary) Wire – 22Gwg Solid
- 22k ohm Resistor
- Switch and connecting wires
- 9V Battery
Step 1: Wind the Secondary first and then the Primary!
Put a small slot into the top of the pipe to wrap one end of the wire around. Slowly and carefully begin to wrap the coil, making sure that you don’t overlap wires or have spaces. This step is the hardest and most tedious part, but taking a lot of time will yield a very nice coil. Every 20 or so turns, put a ring of masking tape around the coil to act as a barrier if the coil starts to unravel. Once finished, wrap a tight piece of tape around the top and bottom of the coil and spray it with 2 or 3 coats of enamel.
Step 2: Connect the Wireless Power Transmission System
Connect the primary and secondary to the battery and switch through the transistor and resistor as shown in the circuit diagram. The smaller winding in the diagram is the primary and the longer winding is the secondary. You can additionally add an aluminium sphere on top of the pipe and connect the open end of the secondary to it, which will act as an antenna. Be very careful not to touch the secondary while the power is switched ON.
Step 3: Start it Up!
Bring Tesla Coil outside for it’s first run, as it really isn’t safe to run anything this potentially powerful indoors. There is a risk of fire. Flip the switch, bring a tube light or a CFL bulb near your wireless power transmission device and enjoy the light show.
You can watch how my coil works in this video:
-Jeff Salim is one of the youngest makers from Kerala and is keenly involved in the maker movement through his own blog.